The state of the Muslim world at Shaikh ul-Islaam’s time

References: ‘Dawah Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah wa-Athruha fi al-Harakat al-Islamiyyah al-Mu’asirah’ by Salahud-Din Maqbool Ahmad, Notes by Dr. Abdullah al-Farsi (hafidhahullah) and Articles on the biography of Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah by Abu Sufyan Farid Ibn Abdulwahid Ibn Haibatan, Aisha bint Muhammad and Abu Rumaysah (May Allah reward them all)

‘This Ilm (Deen) will be carried by the trustworthy ones of each generation.
Negating from it the tahreef (alterations) of the ones going beyond bounds,
the false assumptions of the liars, and the ta’weel (false interpretations) of the ignorant.’

[Reported by al-Bayhaqee and authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Mishkat (no. 248)]

‘Allah will raise for this community at the end of every hundred years
one who will revive His religion.’

[Abu Dawood (3/4278), al-Hakim, at-Tabaranee in al-Ausat. Authenticated by al-Albanee in as-Saheehah (2/150)]

Islamic history stands witness to a great number of scholars, reformers and callers to the path of Allah; those who followed in the footsteps of the Salafus-Salih (the pious-predecessors) in belief and action, in calling to Allah and in assigning priorities of life; in valor and bravery, in perils and struggle and in devoting their lives wholeheartedly towards the affairs that benefit in the Hereafter. Amongst these outstanding and remarkable personalities is
al-Allamah, al-Imam, Shaikhul-Islam Taqi ud-Deen Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah .
– whose memoirs adorn the pages of Islamic history with their perpetual achievements and exceptional influences.

Ibn Taymiyyah was an outstanding scholar who mastered many fields of Islamic learning and lived in an era of much political, social and religious upheaval. At his time, the Muslim nation faced many threats; both from within and beyond – the most crucial of which were:
1. The invasions of the crusaders from the west.
2. The treachery of the Fatimites in their alliance with the crusaders against the Islamic state.
3. The Tartar oppression from the east, and their senseless massacres and destruction.
4. Corruption of kings and rulers, and their distance from Islam.
5. The spread of rigid blind-following of Madhhabs causing deep sectarian divides.
6. Spread of heretical beliefs and sorcery amongst the Muslims due to the efforts of the people of innovation and desires from amongst the Shiites, the Rafidah, the Sufis and the Baatinis.
It was in this time of tribulations that Allah ordained for Ibn Taymiyyah to confront these challenges and to defend the pure Deen against the tidal wave of misconceptions, deviations, innovations and heresies.

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter –